Insect Population Sampling: General Considerations


  • K. Graham Department of Zoology University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C.
  • R. W. Stark Forest Biology Division Canada Department of Agriculture Calgary. Alta.




This paper has two sections: General Considerations – written by both authors; and Forest Defoliators – written by R.W. Stark. Each has its own references.


General Considerations section

K. Graham and R.W. Stark, Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, and the Forest Biology Division, Calgary. Alta.

Bliss, C.I., and R.A. Fisher. 1953. Fitting the negative binomial distribution to biological data and a note on the efficient fitting of the negative binomial. Biometrics 9: 176–199.

Eisenhart, Churchill. 1947. Assumptions underlying the analysis of variance. Biometrics 3(1).

Oakland. G.B. 1953. Determining sample size. Canadian Ent. 85: 108–113.

Quenouille, M.H. 1950. Introductory statistics. London, Butterworth-Springer Ltd.

Yates, F. 1949. Sampling methods for censuses and surveys. New York.

Forest Defoliators section

Butcher, J.W. 1951. The problem of sampling for forest insect populations. Proc. Ent. Soc. Manitoba 7: 30–34.

de Gryse, J.J. 1934. Quantitative methods in the study of forest insects. Sci. Agr. 14: 477–495.

Graham, K. 1952. A model problem in insect ecology. Proc. Ent. Soc. B.C. (1951) 48: 97–99.

Morris, R.F. 1949. Spruce budworm in Green River. Canada Dept. Agr., For. Biol. Div., Bi-monthly Prog. Rept. 5(4): I.

_______ 1950. Techniques for population sampling in standing trees. Canada Dept. Agr., For. Biol. Div., Bi-monthly Prog. Rept. 6(6): 1–2.

Prebble, M.L. 1943. Sampling methods in population studies of the European spruce sawfly, Gilpinia hercyniae (Hartig), in Eastern Canada. Trans. Royal Soc. of Canada, Ser. III, Sec. V, Vol. 37: 93–126.

Stark, R.W. 1952(a). Analysis of a population sampling method for the lodgepole needle miner in Canadian Rocky Mountain parks. Canadian Ent. 84: 316–321.

______ 1952(b). Sequential sampling of lodgepole needle miner. For. Chron. 28: 57–60.