Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) associated with rhubarb (Rheum spp.) in the Matanuska Valley, Alaska: species composition, seasonal abundance, and potential virus vectors

Alberto Pantoja, Aaron M. Hagerty, Susan Y. Emmert, Joseph C. Kuhl, Keith Pike, Juan M. Alvarez, Andrew Jensen

Abstract


Culinary rhubarb, Rheum spp., is one of the priority crop species curated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in Palmer, Alaska. Water—pan traps in commercial rhubarb in the Matanuska—Susitna River Valley near Palmer and in the USDA ARS Rheum gerrnplasm collection caught aphids belonging to eight species: Aphis helianthi Monell; Chaitophorus neglectus Hottes and Friso, Euceraphis betulae (Koch); Hayhurstia atriplicis (L.); Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas); Myzus persicae (Sulzer); Pemphigus spp.; and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.). Only three of the species (M. euphorbiae, M. persicae, and R. padz) collected in water— pan traps were also handpicked from rhubarb plants. The bird cherry—oat aphid, R. padi, was the most abundant species collected in water-pan traps and from rhubarb plants. Based on their disease transmission capability, A. helianthi, M. euphorbiae, M. persicae, and R. padi, can be considered to be of potential economic importance to rhubarb production in Alaska.

Keywords


aphids; rhubarb; Rheum; Alaska; Vectors; germplasm

Full Text:

PDF

References


Blackman, R.L. and V.F. Eastop. 2000. Aphids on the world’s crops: an identification and information guide, 2nd edition. J. Wiley & Sons, West Sussex, England.

Blackman, R.L. and V.F. Eastop. 2006. Aphids on the world’s herbaceous plants and shrubs. Vol 1, Host list and keys. J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester, England.

Capinera, J.L. 2001. Handbook of vegetable pests. Academic Press. San Diego, California. p.43.

Chamberlin, J .C. 1949. Insects of agricultural and household importance in Alaska. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Administration. Alaska Agricultural Experiment Station. Circular 9.

Dombrovsky, A., H. Huet, N. Chejanovsky and B. Raccah. 2005. Aphid transmission of a potyvirus depends on suitability of the helper component and the N terminus of the coat protein. Archives of Virology 150: 287-298.

Foottit R. and E. Maw. 1997. Aphids (Homoptera: Aphidoidea) of the Yukon, pp. 387-404. In H.V. Danks and J.A. Downes (eds.), Insects of the Yukon, Biological Survey of Canada Monograph Series No. 2, Ottawa, Canada.

Foottit R. and W.R. Richards. 1993. The insects and arachnids of Canada, Part 22. The genera of the aphids of Canada (Homoptera: Aphidoidea and Phylloxeroidea). Agriculture Canada Research Branch, Ottawa. Publication 1885.

Kortier, M.G. and E. Grafius. 1994. First record of Aphis helianthi (Homoptera: Aphididae) as a pest of celery. Great Lakes Entomologist 29: 69-77.

Kuhl, J.C. and V.L. DeBoer. 2008. Genetic diversity of rhubarb cultivars. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 133: 587-592.

Marshall, D.E. 1988. A bibliography of rhubarb and Rheum species. United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, Bibliographies and Literature of Agriculture No. 62. Beltsville, Maryland.

NPGS 2010. http://www.ars-grin.gov/npgs/stats/sitesummary.html (accessed October 2010).

Palmer. M.S. 1952. Aphids of the Rocky Mountain region. Thomas Say Foundation

Pantoja, A., A. Hagerty, S.Y. Emmert and J. Munyanesa, 2009. Leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) associated with potatoes in Alaska: species composition, seasonal abundance, and potential phytoplasma vectors. American Journal of Potato Research 86: 68-75.

Pike, K.S., L.L. Boydston and D.W. Allison. 2003. Aphids of westem North America north of Mexico. Washington State University Extension ISC0523.

Plant Viruses on Line. 2009. http://image.fs.uidaho.edu/vide/descr855.htm (accessed April 2009)

Robertson, N. and D. Ianson. 2005. First report of Turnip mosaic virus in rhubarb in Alaska. Disease Notes 89: 430.

Robinson, A.G. 1979. Annotated list of aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) of northwest Canada, Yukon and Alaska. The Manitoba Entomologist 13: 23-30.

Savage, M.J. 1982. The identity of Pemphigus sp. (Hemiptera: Pemphigidae) taken from rhubarb in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 7: 316-317.

Stobbs, L.W. and A. Sterling. 1990. Susceptibility of Ontario weed species to turnip mosaic virus. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 12: 255-262.

Stoltz, R.L., R.G. Gavlak and S. Herbert. 1996. Aphids associated with lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) in the Matanuska Valley. Alaska Journal of Vegetable Crop Production 2: 35-45.

Stoltz, R.L., R.G. Gavlak and S. Herbert. 1997. Survey of potential aphid Vectors of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Virus diseases in the Matanuska Valley, Alaska. Journal of Vegetable Crop Production 3: 2735.

Tomlinson J .A. and D.G.A. Walkey. 1976. The isolation and identification of rhubarb viruses occurring in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology 59: 415-427.

UAM. 2009. University of Alaska Museum of the North. http://www.uaf.edu/museurn/collections/ento/ (accessed October 2009)

Villanueva, J.A. and J. Peña. 1991. Àfidos (Homoptera: Aphididae) colectados en “trampas amarillas de agua” en la planicie costera de Veracruz, Mexico. Agrociencia Serie Proteccion Vegetal 2: 7-20.

Walsn J .A. and C.E. Jenner. 2002. Turnip mosaic Virus and the quest for durable resistance. Molecular Plant Pathology 3: 289-300.

Washburn R.H. 1972. The research insect collection. Agroborealis 4: 6-7.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.