Defoliation and mortality caused by western spruce budworm: variability in a Douglas-fir stand

R. I. Alfaro, T. L. Shore, E. Wegwitz

Abstract


Variation in Douglas-fir (<i>Pseudotsuga menziesii</i> [Mirb.] Franco) defoliation and mortality caused by the western spruce budworm (<i>Choristoneura occidentalis</i> [Freeman]) was measured in sequential annual surveys of a stand near Pemberton, British Columbia. The implications of this variability in designing defoliation and mortality surveys is discussed.

Keywords


western spruce budworm; <i>Choristoneura occidentalis</i>; Douglas-fir; <i>Pseudotsuga menziesii</i>

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References


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