Codling moth (Lepid.: Tortricidae): Disruption of sexual communication with an antipheromone [(E,E)-8,1O-dodecadien-1-O1 acetate]

D. O. Hathaway, H. R. Moffitt, D. A. George


When broadcast applications of [E, E]-8,10-dodecadien-1l-ol acetate an antipheromone of the codling moth, <i>Cydia pomonella</i> (L.), were made to apple or pear orchards, the catch of male codling moths was reduced in traps baited with either synthetic sex pheromone or virgin females. When the antipheromone, at a rate of 11.25g AI/0.4 ha was applied broadcast to pear trees using a ground dispenser, male response to pheromone- or female-baited traps was completely inhibited for 9 days with no significant reduction thereafter. Based on these and earlier results, it is concluded that (E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1l-o1 acetate inhibits male codling moth response, whether the sources are placed in close proximity to the attractive agent or distributed in a broadcast application. These results contradict previous arguments that antipheromones as a group may not be effective in the field when used to permeate large volumes of air.


Codling moth; <i>Cydia pomonella</i>; Lepidoptera; Tortricidae

Full Text:



Descoins, C. and C.A. Henrick. 1972. Sterio-selective syntheses of a sex attractant of the codling moth, Tetrahedron Lett. 30:2999-3002.

Duncan, D.B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple E tests. Biometrics 11:1-42.

George, D.A., L.M. McDonough, D.O. Hathaway, and H.R. Moffitt. 1975. Inhibitors of sexual attraction of male codling moths. Environ. Entomol. 4:606-608.

Hathaway, D.O., T.P. McGovern, M. Beroza, H.R. Moffitt, L.M. McDonough, and B.A. Butt. 1974. Inhibitors of sexual attraction of male codling moths to the synthetic sex pheromone of virgin females. Environ. Entomol. 3:522-524.

Hathaway, D.O., L.M. McDonough, D.A. George, and H.R. Moffitt. 1979. Antipheromone of the codling moth: Potential for control by air permeation. Environ. Entomol. 8:318-321.

Hoffman, M.P., L.M. McDonough, and J.B. Bailey. 1983. Field test of the sex pheromone of Amobia cuncana (Walsingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Environ. Entomol. 12:1387-1390.

Howell, J.F. 1972. An improved sex attractant trap for codling moths. J. Econ. Entomol. 65:609-611.

Hoyt, S.C. 1969. Integrated control of insects and biological control of mites on apple in Washington. J. Econ. Entomol. 62:74-86.

Maitlen, J.C., L.M. McDonough, H.R. Moffitt, and D.A. George. 1976. Codling moth sex pheromone: Baits for mass trapping and population survey. Environ. Entomol. 5:199-202.

Moffitt, H.R. 1974. Confusion with a sex pheromone as a means of controlling codling moth. Report to 4th Meeting, IOBC Working Party on Genetic Control of Codling Moth and Adoxophyes. Wadenswil, Switzerland, Nov. 26-29, 1973. 4 pp.

Moffitt, H.R. and R.E. Short. 1982. A ground mechanism for dispensing insect pheromones to fruit trees. USDA AAT-W-22. 27 pp.

Moffitt, R.R., P.H. Westigard, and D.O. Hathaway. 1979. Pheromonal control of the codling moth and biological control of the pear psylla. Proceedings of the Oregon Horticultural Society. 70:95-96.

Mori, K. 1974. Simple syntheses of sex pheromones of codling moth and red bollworm moth by the coupling of Grignard reagents with allylic halides. Tetrahedron 30:3807-3810.

Quist, J.A. 1966. Approaches to orchard insect control. Colorado Agric. Exp. Sta, Bull. No. 5178. 93 pp.

Shorey, H.H. 1977. Manipulation of insect pests of agricultural crops. Pp. 353-367. In: H.H. Shorey and J.J. McKelvey, Jr. (Eds.). Chemical Control of Insect Behavior. Wiley-Interscience, NY.

Shani, A. and J.T. Klug. 1980. Photoxidation of (Z,E)-9:11-tetradecadieyl acetate, the main component of the sex pheromone of the female Egyptian cotton leafworm (Spodoptera littoralis). Tetrahedron Lett. 21:156-1564.

Siegel, S. 1956. Non-parametric statistics. McGraw-Hill, New York. 312 pp.


  • There are currently no refbacks.