Weather and insects in a changing climate
Chuine, I. 2010. Why does phenology drive species distribution? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365: 3149–3160. doi:10.1098/rstb. 2010.0142.
Dodds, K.A., Clancy, K.M., Leyva, K.J., Greenberg, D., and Price, P.W. 1996. Effects of Douglas-fir foliage age class on western spruce budworm oviposition choice and larval performance. Great Basin Naturalist, 56: 135–141.
Gilbert, N. and Raworth, D.A. 1996. Insect and temperature – a general theory. The Canadian Entomologist, 128: 1–13.
Greenbank, D.O. 1956. The role of climate and dispersal in the initiation of outbreaks of the spruce budworm in New Brunswick I. the role of climate. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 34: 453–476.
Logan, J.A. and Powell, J.A. 2001. Ghost forests, global warming, and the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). American Entomologist, 47: 160–173.
Maclauchlan, L.E., Daniels, L.D., Hodge, J.C., and Brookes, J.E. 2018. Characterization of western spruce budworm outbreak regions in the British Columbia Interior. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 48: 783–802.
Mattson, W.J., Haack, R.A., Lawrence, R.K., and Slocum, S.S. 1991. Considering the nutritional ecology of the spruce budworm in its management. Forest Ecology and Management, 39: 183–210.
McKenney, D.W., Pedlar, J.H., Lawrence, K., Campbell, K., and Hutchinson, M.F. 2007. Beyond traditional hardiness zones: using climate envelopes to map plant range limits. BioScience, 57: 929–937.
Nealis, V.G. 2005. Diapause and voltinism in western and 2-year cycle spruce budworms (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and their hybrid progeny. The Canadian Entomologist, 137: 584–597.
Nealis, V.G. 2009. Still invasive after all these years: keeping gypsy moth out of British Columbia. The Forestry Chronicle, 85: 593–603.
Nealis, V.G. 2012. The phenological window for western spruce budworm: seasonal decline in resource quality. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 14: 340–347.
Nealis, V.G. 2016. Comparative ecology of conifer-feeding spruce budworms (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 148: S33–S57.
Nealis, V.G., DeMerchant, I., Langor, D., Noseworthy, M.K., Pohl, K., Shanks, E., Turnquist, R., and Waring, V. 2016. Historical occurrence of alien arthropods and pathogens on trees in Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46: 1–9.
Nealis, V.G. and Nault, J.R. 2005. Seasonal changes in foliar terpenes indicate suitability of Douglas-fir buds for western spruce budworm. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 31: 683–696.
Nealis, V.G. and Régnière, J. 2004. Insect–host relationships influencing disturbance by the spruce budworm in a boreal mixedwood forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 34: 1870–1882.
Nealis, V.G. and Régnière, J. 2009. Risk of dispersal in western spruce budworm. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 11: 213–223.
Nealis, V.G. and Régnière, J. 2014. An individual-based phenology model for western spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 146: 305–320.
Nealis, V.G. and Régnière, J. 2016. Why western spruce budworms travel so far for the winter. Ecological Entomology, 41: 633–641.
Pureswaran, D.S., De Grandpré, L., Paré, D., Taylor, A., Barrette, M., Morin, H., Régnière, J., and Kneeshaw, D.D. 2015. Climate-induced changes in host tree- insect phenology may drive ecological state-shift in boreal forests. Ecology, 96: 1480–1491.
Quiring, D., Ostaff, D., Hartling, L., Lavigne, D., Moore, K., and DeMerchant, I. 2008. Temperature and plant hardiness zone influence distribution of balsam wooly adelgid damage in Atlantic Canada. The Forestry Chronicle, 84: 558–562.
Régnière, J. and Nealis, V.G. 2018. Two sides of a coin: host-plant synchrony fitness trade-offs in the population dynamics of the western spruce budworm. Insect Science, 25: 117–126.
Régnière, J. and Nealis, V.G. 2019a. Influence of temperature on historic and future population fitness of the western spruce budworm, Choristoneura occidentalis. International Journal of Pest Management, 65: 228–243.
Régnière, J. and Nealis, V.G. 2019b. Density dependence of egg recruitment and moth dispersal in spruce budworms. Forests, 10(8): 706. doi.org/10.3390/ f10080706.
Régnière, J., Nealis, V., and Porter, K. 2009. Climate suitability and management of the gypsy moth invasion into Canada. Biological Invasions, 11: 135–148.
Régnière, J., Powell, J., Bentz, B. and Nealis, V. 2012a. Effects of temperature on development, survival and reproduction of insects: experimental design, data analysis and modelling. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58: 634–647.
Régnière, J., St-Amant, R., and Duval, P. 2012b. Predicting insect distributions under climate change from physiological responses: spruce budworm as an example. Biological Invasions, 14: 1571–1586.
Royama, T. 1984. Population dynamics of the spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana. Ecological Monographs, 54: 429–462.
Safranyik, L., Carroll, A.L., Régnière, J., Langor, D.W., Riel, W.G., Shore, T.L., Peter, B., Cooke, B.J., Nealis, V.G., and Taylor, S.W. 2010. Potential for range expansion of mountain pine beetle into the boreal forest of North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 142: 415–442.
Thomson, A.J. and Benton, R. 2007. A 90-year sea warming trend explains outbreak patterns of western spruce budworm in Vancouver Island. The Forestry Chronicle, 83: 867–869.
Thomson, A.J., Shepherd, R.F., Harris, J.W.E., and Silversides, R.H. 1984. Relating weather to outbreaks of western spruce budworm, Choristoneura occidentalis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), in British Columbia. The Canadian Entomologist, 116: 375–381.
Uvarov, B.P. 1931. Insects and Climate. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 79: 1–232.
Wellington, W.G. 1950. Effects of radiation on the temperatures of insectan habitats. Scientific Agriculture, 30: 209–234.
Wellington, W.G., Fettes, J.J., Turner, K.B., and Belyea, R.M. 1950. Physical and biological indicators of the development of outbreaks of the spruce budworm. Canadian Journal of Research D, 28: 308–331.
White, T.C.R. 1993. The inadequate environment. Nitrogen and the abundance of animals. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
White, T.C.R. 2018. An alternative hypothesis explains outbreaks of conifer-feeding budworms of the genus Choristoneura (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Canada. Journal of Applied Entomology, 142(8): 725–730. doi: 10.1111/jen.12523.
LicenseAuthors who publish with the Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).