Dispersal of Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in relation to phenology of matrimony vine (Lycium spp.; Solanaceae)

W. R. Cooper, D. R. Horton, J. Thinakaran, A. Karasev

Abstract


Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae) is a key pest of potato (Solanum tuberosum; Solanaceae) in western North America. Native species of Lycium (Solanales: Solanaceae) in the southwestern U.S. have been known since the early 1900s to support populations of B. cockerelli. These shrubs are adapted to survive arid habitats by entering a summer dormancy characterized by partial or complete defoliation. Summer leaf fall by native Lycium in the southwestern U.S. triggers the dispersal of B. cockerelli to new seasonally available hosts, including potato. Recently, B. cockerelli was found to occur on non-native species of Lycium (L. barbarum and L. chinense), collectively known as matrimony vine in the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho). Monitoring of matrimony vine in previous years suggested qualitatively that these non-native shrubs also entered a summer dormancy with effects on B. cockerelli populations. Our study had two principal objectives: 1) document when and under what conditions matrimony vine enters summer dormancy, and 2) determine whether summer leaf fall is associated with dispersal of B. cockerelli from these plants. In this report, we demonstrate that matrimony vine exhibits xerophytic phenological traits similar to the Lycium species native to the southwestern United States, and we provide evidence that psyllid dispersal from matrimony vine is associated with the onset of the host plant’s summer dormancy. These results may be beneficial for the development of predictive models to forecast B. cockerelli pressure in potato based upon populations occurring on matrimony vine in early spring.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ackerman, T.L., Romney, E.M., Wallace, A., and Kinnear, J.E. 1980. Phenology of desert shrubs in southern Nye County, Nevada. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs, 4: 4–23.

Chiang-Cabrera, Fernando. 1981. A taxonomic study of the North America species of Lycium (Solanaceae). Ph.D (thesis), University of Texas. Austin, TX.

Cooper, W.R., Horton, D.R., Miliczky, E., Wohleb, C.H., and Waters, T.D. 2019a. The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology: Suitability of non-crop Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae to potato psyllid and “Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum”. American Journal of Potato Research, 96: 262–271.

Cooper, W R., Horton, D.R., Wildung, M.R., Jensen, A.S., Thinakaran, J., Rendon, D., Nottingham, L.B., Beers, E.H., Wohleb, C.H., Hall, D.G., and Stelinski, L.L. 2019b. Host and non-host “whistle-stops” for psyllids: Molecular gut content analysis by high-throughput sequencings reveals landscape-level movements of Psylloidea (Hemiptera). Environmental Entomology, 48: 554–566.

Cooper, W.R., Horton, D.R., Miliczky, E., Wohleb, C.H., and Waters, T.D. 2019c. The weed link in zebra chip epidemiology. Potato Progress, 19(4): 1–7.

Crawford, D.L. 1914. A monograph of the jumping plant-lice or Psyllidae of the new world. US Natural History Museum Bulletin 85, 18 pp.

Essig, E.O. 1917. The tomato and laurel psyllids. Journal of Economic Entomology, 10: 433–444.

Gitelson, A.A., Buschmann, C., and Lichtenthaler, H.K. 1999. The chlorophyll fluorescence ration F735/F700 as an accurate measure of chlorophyll content in plants. Remote Sensing of Environment, 69: 296–302.

Hanley, T.A. and Brady, W.W. 1977. Seasonal fluctuations in nutrient content of feral burro forages, lower Colorado River Valley, Arizona. Journal of Range Management, 30: 370–373.

Hansen, A.K., Trumble, J.T., Stouthamer R., Paine, T.D. 2008. New Huanglongbing (HLB) Candidatus species, "Ca. Liberibacter psyllarous" found to infect tomato and potato is vectored by the psyllid Bactericera cockerelli. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 73: 7531–7535.

Hitchcock, C.L. 1932. A monographic study of the genus Lycium of the western hemisphere. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 19: 179–374.

Horton, D.R., Burts, E.C., Unruh, T.R., Krysan, J.L., Coop, L.B., and Croft, B.A. 1993. Intraorchard changes in distribution of winterform pear psylla (Homoptera; Psyllidae) associated with leaf fall in pear. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 86: 599608.

Horton, D.R., Burts, E.C., Unruh, T.R., Krysan, J.L., Coop, L.B., and Croft, B.A. 1994. Phenology of fall dispersal by winterform pear psylla (Homoptera: Psyllidae) in relation to leaf fall and weather. Canadian Entomologist, 126: 111-120.

Horton, D.R., Thinakaran, T., Cooper, W.R., Munyaneza, J.E., Wohleb, C.H., Waters, T.D., Snyder, W.E., Fu, Z., Crowder, D.W., and Jensen, A.S. 2016. Matrimony vine and potato psyllid in the Pacific Northwest: A worrisome marriage? Potato

Progress, XVI: 14. 12 pp.

Kaur, N., Cooper, W.R., Duringer, J.M., Badillo-Vargas, I.E., Esparza-Diaz, G.,

Rashed, A., and Horton, D.R. 2018. Survival and development of potato psyllid (Hemiptera: Triozidae) on Convolvulaceae: Effects of a plant–fungus symbiosis (Periglandula). PLOS One, 13: e0201506.

Knowlton, G.F. and Thomas W.L. 1934. Host plants of the potato psyllid. Journal of Economic Entomology, 27: 547.

Levin, R.A. and Miller, J.S. 2005. Relationships within tribe Lycieae (Solanaceae): Paraphyly of Lycium and multiple origins of gender dimorphism. American Journal of Botany, 92: 2044–2053.

Liefting, L.W., Weir, B.S., Pennycook, S.R., and Clover, G.R.G. 2009. ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’, associated with plants in the family Solanaceae. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 59: 2274– 2276.

Munyaneza, J.E. 2012. Zebra chip disease of potato: Biology, epidemiology, and management. American Journal of Potato Research, 89: 329–350.

Murphy, A.F., Rondon, S.I., and Jensen, A.S. 2013. First report of potato psyllids, Bactericera cockerelli, overwintering in the Pacific northwest. American Journal of Potato Research, 90: 294–296.

Pletsch, D.J. 1947. The potato psyllid Paratrioza cockerelli (Sulc), its biology and control. Montana Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin, 446: 95.

Romney, V.E. 1939. Breeding areas of the tomato psyllid, Paratrioza cockerelli (Sulc). Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Science, 12: 233–239.

SAS Institute Inc. 2013. SAS release 9.3 ed. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.

Swisher, K.D., Munyaneza, J.E., and Crosslin, J.M. 2012. High resolution melting analysis of the cytochrome oxidase I gene identifies three haplotypes of the

potato psyllid in the United States. Environmental Entomology, 41: 1019–1028. Thinakaran, J., Horton, D.R., Cooper, W.R., Jensen, A.S., Wohleb, C.H., Dahan, J., Mustafa, T., Karasev, A.V., and Munyaneza, J.E. 2017. Association of potato psyllid (Bactericera cockerelli; Hemiptera: Triozidae) with Lycium spp. (Solanaceae) in potato growing regions of Washington, Idaho, and Oregon.

American Journal of Potato Research, 94: 490–499.

Wallis, R.L. 1955. Ecological studies on the potato psyllid as a pest of potatoes.

USDA Technical Bulletin No. 1107.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.