Use of Ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate in Codling Moth Management: Kairomone Species Specificity

A. L. Knight, D. M. Light

Abstract


Ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate (pear ester) is a kairomonal attractant for both male and female codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), in apple, pear and walnut. Studies were conducted in the western Untied States to evaluate the potential attractiveness of this kairomone for eight lepidopteran pests of these three crops, as well as, in cherry, peach/nectarine, apricot, plum, almond, pistachio, grape, kiwi, and citrus. The pear ester was loaded (10.0 mg) into gray halobutyl septa and insects were monitored with diamond- or delta-shaped sticky traps. Lures were not attractive to peach twig borer, Anarsia lineatella (Zeller); oriental fruit moth, Cydia molesta (Busck); omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana Walshingham; navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker); apple fruitworm, Lacanobia subjuncta (Grote & Robinson); pandemis leafroller, Pandemis pyrusana (Kearfott); obliquebanded leafroller, Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris); and western tentiform leafminer, Phyllonorycter mespiella (Hüebner). Additional studies with C. molesta populations attacking apple and pear would be useful.

Keywords


Cydia pomonella; Cydia molesta; pear ester; host plant volatiles; monitoring

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akre, R.D. and H.G. Davis. 1978. Biology and pest status of venomous wasps. Annual Review of Entomology 23: 215-238.

Aldrich, J.R., M.P. Hoffmann, J.P. Kochansky, W.R. Lusby, J.E. Eger, and J.A. Payne. 1991. Identification and attractiveness of a major pheromone component for nearctic Euschistus spp. stink bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Environmental Entomology 20: 477-483.

Analytical Software. 2000. Statistix 7. Tallahassee, FL.

Barnes, M.M. 1991. Codling moth occurrence, host race formation, and damage. pp. 313-328. In L. P. S. Van der Geest and H. H. Evenhuis (eds.). Tortricid pests: their biology, natural enemies and control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Barnes, M.M., W.B. Barnett, D.J. Culver, C.S. Davis, W.H. Olson, H. Riedl, W.R. Schreader, and R. Van Steenwyk. 1993. Insects and mites, pp. 32-61. In M. L. Flint (ed.), Integrated pest management for walnuts. University of California Publication 3270. University of California Press, Oakland, CA.

Barnett, W.W., W.J. Bentley, R.S. Bethell, C. Pickel, P.W. Weddle, and F.G. Zalom. 1991. Managing pests in apples and pears, pp. 21-53. In M. L. Flint (ed.), Integrated pest management for apples and pears. University of California Publication 3340. University of California Press, Oakland, CA.

Beers, E.H., J.F. Brunner, M.J. Willett, and G.M. Warner. 1993. Orchard pest management: a resource book for the Pacific Northwest. Good Fruit Grower, Yakima, WA.

Berger, R.G., F. Drawert, and B. Schraufstetter. 1984. Natural occurrence of octenoic-, decenoic-, and decadienoic acid ethyl esters in red delicious apples. Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-untersuchung und - Forschung 178: 104-105.

Buttery, R.G., D.M. Light, Y. Nam, G.B. Merrill, and J.N. Roitman. 2000. Volatile components of green walnut husks. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry 48: 2858-2861.

Civolani, S., S. Vergnani, D. Natale, and E. Pasqualini. 1998. Control strategies against Cydia molesta on pome fruits. Inforatore Agrario 54: 71-75.

Coracini, M., M. Bengtsson, I. Liblikas, and P. Witzgall. 2004. Attraction of codling moth males to apple volatiles. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 110: 1-10.

Cravedi, P. and V. Ughini. 1992. Monitoring of some injurious Lepidoptera in quince orchards. Acta Phytopathologia et Entomologia Hungarica 27: 1-4.

Day, S.E. and R.L. Jeanne. 2001. Food volatiles as attractants for yellowjackets (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Environmental Entomology 30: 157-165.

Il’ichev, A. L., D.G. Williams, and A. Drago. 2003. Distribution of the oriental fruit moth Grapholitha molesta Busck (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) infestation on newly planted peaches before and during 2 years of mating disruption. Journal of Applied Entomology 127: 348-353.

Jennings, W.G., R.K. Creveling, and D.E. Heinz. 1964. Volatile esters of Bartlett pear. IV. Esters of trans:2-cis:4-decadienoic acid. Journal of Food Science 29: 730-734.

Knight, A.L. and D.M. Light. 2001. Attractants from ‘Bartlett’ pear for codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.), larvae. Naturwissenschaften 88: 339-342.

Knight, A.L., R.P.J. Potting, and D.M. Light. 2002. Modeling the impact of a sex pheromone kairomone attracticide for management of codling moth (Cydia pomonella). Acta Horticulturae 584: 215-220.

Knight, A.L., P. VanBuskirk, R.J. Hilton, B.G. Zoller, and D.M. Light. 2005. Monitoring codling moth in four pear cultivars with the pear ester. Acta Horticulturae (in press).

Landolt, P.J. 1998. Lacanobia subjuncta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on tree fruits in the Pacific Northwest. Pan Pacific Entomology 74: 32-38.

Light, D.M., A.L. Knight, C.A. Henrick, D. Rajapaska, B. Lingren, J.C. Dickens, K.M.

Reynolds, R.G. Buttery, G. Merrill, J. Roitman, and B.C. Campbell. 2001. A pear-derived kairomone with pheromonal potency that attracts male and female codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.). Naturwissenschaften 88: 333-338.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.