A Comparison of Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) Colonies Established from Packages or Nuclei in two Areas of British Columbia, Canada

Elizabeth Neilson Punnett, Mark L. Winston


A comparison of the biological performance and economic returns from honey bee colonies established in April from either 0.9 kg packages or four-frame nuclei was made in both the Lower Fraser Valley and Peace River areas of British Columbia. In the Lower Fraser Valley, nuclei were superior to packages both biologically and economically, while in the Peace River, no biological differences were found between the two, and packages provided higher economic returns. Either packages or nuclei would be viable in commercial beekeeping operations, depending on individual circumstances.

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