Development and oviposition preference of Xenotemna pallorana Robinson (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) on alfalfa and fruit tree foliage
Keywords:Colpoclypeus florus, Xenotemna pallorana, ground cover, alternative host
Beers, E. H., J. F. Brunner, M. J. Willett, and G. M. Warner. 1993. Orchard Pest Management: A Resource Book for the Pacific Northwest. Good Fruit Grower, Yakima, Washington. 276 p.
Brunner, J. F. 1994. Pest management of leafrollers in Washington apple orchards. Proc. Wash. State Hort. Assoc. 89: 54--67.
Brunner, J. F. 1996a. Discovery of Colpoclypeus florus (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) in apple orchards of Washington. Pan-Pacific Entomol. 72: 5--12.
Brunner, J. F. 1996b. Management of leafrollers in Washington apple orchards. Proc. Wash. State Hort. Assoc. 91: 257--263.
Brunner, J. F. 1999. New pests a challenge for areawide programs. Proc. Wash. St. Hortic. Assoc. 95: 154-158.
Brunner, J. F., and E. H. Beers. 1990. Apple pandemis and obliquebanded leafroller. Wash. State Univ. Ext. Bull. EB1582.
Chapman, P. J., and S. E. Lienk. 1971. Tortricid Fauna of Apple in New York. Cornell, Geneva. 122 p.
Dijkstra, L. 1986. Optimal selection and exploitation of hosts in the parasitic wasp Colpoclypeus florus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Neth. J. Zool. 36: 177--301.
Evenhuis, H. H., and H. V. Vlug. 1983. The hymenopterous parasites of leaf-feeding apple tortricids (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 126: 109--135.
Gruys, P. 1982. Hits and misses. The ecological approach to pest control in orchards. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 31: 70--87.
Gruys, P., and F. Vaal. 1984. Colpoclypeus florus, an eulophid parasite of tortricids in orchards: Rearing, biology, and use in biological control. Entomol. exp. appl. 36: 31--35.
Gut, L. J., and J. F. Brunner. 1998. Pheromone-based management of codling moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Washington apple orchards. J. Agric. Entomol. 15: 387--405.
McDaniel, E. I. 1936. Amelia (Tortrix) pallorana Robinson attacks pinus sp. J. Econ. Entomol. 29: 1175.
Neiswander, R. B. 1944. Insect pests of strawberries in Ohio. Bull. Ohio Agric. Exp. Sta., Wooster, Ohio. 651: 37.
Neunzig, H. H., and G. G. Gyrisco. 1955. Some insects injurious to birdsfoot trefoil in New York. J. Econ. Entomol. 48: 447--450.
Pfannenstiel, R. S., T. R. Unruh, and J. F. Brunner. 2010. Overwintering hosts for the exotic leafroller parasitoid Colpoclypeus florus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae): implications for habitat manipulation to augment biological control of leafrollers in pome fruits. Journal of Insect Science 10:75, available online: insectscience.org/10.75
Pfannenstiel, R. S. B. S. Mackay, and T. R. Unruh. 2012. Leafroller parasitism across an orchard landscape in central Washington and effect of neighboring rose habitats on parasitism). Biol. Contr. 62: 152--161
Schott, F. M. 1925. Notes on Lepidoptera and Hymenoptera. J. N.Y. Entomol. Soc. 33: 53--56.
Shorey, H. H., and R. L. Hale. 1965. Mass-rearing of the larvae of nine noctuid species on a simple artificial medium. J. Econ. Entomol. 58: 522--524.
Sial, A. A., and J. F. Brunner. 2010a. Toxicity and residual efficacy of chlorantraniliprole, spinetoram, and emamectin benzoate to obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Torticidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 103: 1277-1285.
Sial, A. A., and J. F. Brunner. 2010b. Assessment of resistance risk in obliquebanded leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to the reduced-risk insecticides chlorantraniliprole and spinetoram. J. Econ. Entomol. 103: 1378--1385.
Snow, S. J., and J. S. McClellan. 1951. Tortrix pallorana, a pest of seed alfalfa in Utah. J. Econ. Entomol. 44: 1023--1024.
Thompson, J. N. 1988. Evolutionary ecology of the relationship between oviposition preference and performance of offspring in phytophagous insects. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 47: 3--14.
Unruh, T. R. R. S. Pfannenstiel, C. Peters, J. Brunner, and V. P. Jones. 2012. Rose and strawberry gardens enhance parasitism of pest leafrollers in adjacent pome fruit orchards by Colpoclypeus florus (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Biological Control. 62: 162--172.
van Veen, J. C., and M. L. E. Wijk. 1987. Parasitization strategy in the non-paralyzing ectoparasitoid Colpoclypeus florus (Hym., Eulophidae) towards its common summer host Adoxophyes orana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 104: 402--417.
LicenseAuthors who publish with the Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).