Scientific Note - Toxonevra muliebris (Harris) (Diptera: Pallopteridae): a European fly new to North America



Tephritoidea, introduced species, urban entomology

Author Biographies

Robert A. Cannings, Royal BC Museum

Curator Emeritus, Entomology Collection

Joel Gibson, Royal BC Museum

Curator, Entomology Collection


Cannings, R.A. 1989. An Asian Hornet, Vespa simillima xanthoptera (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in North America. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 86: 91.

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deWaard, J.R., L.M. Humble, B.C. Schmidt. 2010. DNA barcoding identifies the first North American records of the Eurasian moth, Eupithecia pusillata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 107: 25-32.

Jones, R. 2014. The Womanly Bow-wing.

Marshall, S.A. 2012. Flies: the natural history and diversity of Diptera. Firefly Books, Richmond Hill, ON.

McAlpine, J.F. 1987. Pallopteridae [chapter 68]. Pages 839-843 in J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Peterson, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth and D.M. Wood, eds., Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 2. Agriculture Canada Monograph 28.

Morge, G. 1984. Family Pallopteridae. Pages 242-246 in A. Soós and L. Papp, eds., Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.

Ozerov, A.L. 1999. Family Pallopteridae [chapter 73]. Pages 531-534 in P.A. Lehr, ed., Key to the Insects of the Russian Far East. Vol. VI. Diptera and Siphonaptera. Part 1. Vladivostok. Dal’nauka. (In Russian).

Ozerov, A.L. 2009. Review of the family Pallopteridae (Diptera) of the fauna of Russia. Russian Entomological Journal 8(2): 128-146. (In Russian).

Pape, T., V. Blagoderov and M.B. Mostovski. 2011. Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. Pages 222-229 in Z.-Q. Zhang, ed. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148.

Pape, T. and F.C. Thompson, eds. 2018. Systema Dipterorum (version 2.0, Jan 2011). In Y. Roskov et al., eds, Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 30th October 2018. Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Rotheray, G.E. 2014. Development sites, feeding modes and early stages of seven European Palloptera species (Diptera, Pallopteridae). Zootaxa 3900: 50-76.

Shewell, G.E. 1965. Family Pallopteridae. Pages 714-715 in A. Stone, C. W. Sabrosky, W. W. Wirth, R. H. Foote and J. R. Coulson, eds., A catalogue of the Diptera of North America north of Mexico. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington DC.

Speight, M.C.D. 1986. Cheilosia argentifrons (Diptera: Syrphidae) new to Ireland: Donacia cinerea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Palloptera muliebris (Diptera: Pallopteridae), presence confirmed in Ireland. Irish Naturalists’ Journal 22: 159-160.

Teskey, H.J. 1976. Diptera larvae associated with trees in North America. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 100: 1-83.

Watson, L. and M.J. Dallwitz. 2003 onwards. Insects of Britain and Ireland: the families of Diptera. Version: 7 October 2018.

Wallace, P.F. and J.P. O'Connor. 1997. Palloptera muliebris (Harris) (Dipt., Pallopteridae) discovered in Dublin City. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine 133: 114.

Woodley, N.E., A. Borkent and T.A. Wheeler 2009. Phylogeny of Diptera. Pages 79-94 in B.V. Brown, A. Borkent, J.M. Cumming, D.M. Wood, N.E. Woodley and M.A. Zumbado. eds., Manual of Central American Diptera: Volume 1. NRC Research Press, Ottawa ON.