Survey of parasitoids and hyperparasitoids (Hymenoptera) of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae and the foxglove aphid, Aulacorthum solani (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in British Columbia
Keywords:Aphidius, Aphelinus, Praon, Dendrocerus, Alloxysta, Asaphes, greenhouse, biological control
We surveyed the parasitoids and hyperparasitoids of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, and the foxglove aphid, Aulacorthum solani in the lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia, Canada. Field surveys were conducted using isolated pepper plants, with aphids, as trap plants. Primary parasitoids recorded from field surveys were Aphidius ervi, A. matricariae, Praon gallicum, P. unicum, P. humulaphidis, Ephedrus californicus, Diaeretiella rapae, Monoctonus paulensis, Aphelinus abdominalis and A. asychis. Diaretiella rapae only emerged from green peach aphids, and Ephedrus californicus only emerged from foxglove aphids. Aphidius matricariae was the most abundant primary parasitoid species reared from both aphid species. Hyperparasitoid species collected belonged to the genera Dendrocerus, Asaphes, Alloxysta, Pachyneuron and Syrphophagous. In greenhouses, Dendrocerus carpenteri was the dominant hyperparasitoid species. Aphidius and Aphelinus spp. were attacked by hyperparasitoids at similar rates. In the field, Aphidius spp. were attacked by five species of hyperparasitoid, and Aphelinus spp. were attacked by one, Alloxysta ramulifera. In general, the rate of attack by hyperparasitoids was much lower in field surveys than in our collections from greenhouses.
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